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Číslo 1 - 2 / 2014


Datum: 3. 2. 2014
Autor: Traductera

Influenza is an acute contagious respiratory illness transmitted by droplets. It is caused by influenza viruses A, B and C, which get through the mucous membrane in the respiratory tract. The incubation period is one to three days. Influenza activity peaks in winter period, particularly in February and March.

Nurse: Good morning, Mr Harris. What troubles you?

Patient: Good morning. I would like to see the doctor. I think I’ve got flu.

Nurse: How come?

Patient: I’ve had muscle ache and joint pain for a couple of days, and I had a fever yesterday. Moreover, I have a headache and a sore throat.

Nurse: Have you taken any medicine?

Patient: Yes, I’ve had paracetamol and some sore throat lozenges and tea with honey.

Nurse: It might only be a virus; people often mistake it for flu. But let’s see what the doctor tells you.

Patient: And what’s the difference?

Nurse: Flu symptoms include high temperature, aching muscles and joint pain, weariness, tiredness and loss of appetite. But it often leads to a bacterial infection that can develop into bronchitis or pneumonia, and occasionally into pleurisy (inflammation of the pleurae), or myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle).

Patient: Oh, I’d rather avoid that. Is there any way of preventing it?

Nurse: One possibility of effective flu prevention is vaccination. The best time to get the flu jab is in the autumn.

Patient: And isn’t there a risk of getting ill after being vaccinated? I’ve heard a lot of people saying that they got the flu jab and got ill afterwards.

Nurse: That’s nonsense. The vaccination can cause side effects: most commonly a short-term swelling or redness appears at the site of injection, or you may feel tired or experience muscle and joint pain and fever, but these side effects will disappear quickly and don’t require treatment.

Patient: Ok. And where should I go if I decide to get the vaccination?

Nurse: You should call us, because the flu vaccine is available from your GP. But you can also check with a vaccination centre or with the department of infectious diseases at a hospital. You should pay for it yourself and you will need a further vaccine each year.

Patient: Well, thank you very much for the information, nurse.

Nurse: You are welcome. You can see the doctor now, she’s free.

to transmit přenášet, šířit; předat; sdělit; vysílat
droplet kapička, kapénka
to peak vrcholit, kulminovat, dosáhnout maxima
to trouble trápit, zlobit; rušit
how come jak to, proč
moreover navíc, nadto, kromě toho
lozenge pastilka
to mistake something/body for something/body else zaměnit něco za něco, splést si
weariness malátnost, únava
rather raději, spíše; trochu, poněkud
effective účinný, efektivní
jab očkování, injekce
to get ill onemocnět
afterwards potom, poté, později
nonsense nesmysl, hloupost
swelling otok, opuchlina, zduření
redness zarudnutí
to require vyžadovat, požadovat
to check with obrátit se na

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