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Číslo 10 / 2014


Datum: 6. 10. 2014
Autor: Traductera

Osteoporosis, defined by WHO as a decrease in bone density, is a very common disease. It affects mainly women after menopause (the prevalence in 55 year-old women is 7%, in 80 year-old women 19%). It is a pathological decrease of bone tissue – atrophy of bone trabeculae. The bones lose calcium, which results in the reduction of bone density. The bone loses its strength and is more prone to fracture. Osteoporosis is a disease that often develops unobserved until complications appear. Osteoporosis can be classified as primary (without an evident concrete cause) and secondary.

Patient: Good morning, doctor. My name is Hunt and my mother, Ms Stiller, was taken to this hospital yesterday with a forearm fracture. It's been the third fracture this year, so I came to ask how she is doing and if it is normal at her age.

Doctor: Good morning, Ms Hunt. She was given an X-ray and had her arm put in a cast. Given her age, 75, and a few small complications, she should stay here for a few more days. However, your mother suffers from osteoporosis, and that is why her bones break so often.

Patient: Osteoporosis? What is it?

Doctor: To put it simply, it is the thinning of bone tissue. The bone becomes porous, it loses calcium and other minerals, which leads to higher fragility, among other things.

Patient: And what are the manifestations?

Doctor: Mild forms are asymptomatic. Later, the symptoms include back pain as osteoporosis affects mainly vertebrae, fractures and a decrease in height or skeletal deformation caused by the change of the shape of vertebrae.

Patient: Is it possible to cure it?

Doctor: It is easier to prevent osteoporosis than to cure it. However, we are going to medicate your mother with drugs to prevent loss of bone mass and to help bone formation – calcium, fluorine, vitamin D, bisphosphonates and hormones, and set regime measures in the form of a calcium-rich diet and adequate physical activity. These measures are to be continued when she gets back home.

Patient: Ok. And when is she going to be discharged?

Doctor: I suppose within a few days. We will let you know via telephone.

Patient: Thank you very much.  See you soon.

Doctor: See you.

decrease úbytek, pokles, snížení
to result mít za následek, vést k čemu
prone to náchylný k čemu, mít sklon, tendenci
unobserved nepozorovaný
evident očividný, zřejmý, patrný, evidentní, zjevný
cause příčina, důvod
forearm předloktí
cast sádra; model, odlitek
given vzhledem k; daný, uvedený
to suffer from trpět čím, být postižen
to put it simply zjednodušeně řečeno
to lead to vést k čemu, mít za výsledek
fragility lomivost; křehkost
among other things mimo jiné
manifestation projev
to discharge propustit
to suppose předpokládat, myslet si, domnívat se
via prostřednictvím, přes

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